15 March 2014 (edited 21 March 2014)
The continuing search for Magdaleentje “Chine.”
In the first part of the “Do” step of the PDAA research process, I covered the history of the places involved in the research question and listed a number of sources that should help identify possible surnames.
This second part of the “Do” step involves examining these sources, beginning with the easiest to access. Examine Ancestral File, Pedigree Resource File (PRF) and the International Genealogical Index (IGI), all of which can be searched from https://familysearch.org/search. These are considered only hints and suggestions, not records to be cited in working up a conclusion statement; however, these hints may lead to better records.
There are no entries for variations on the Chin/Chen surname for this time period.
There are several entries for Antoine Du Chesne in the IGI and the Pedigree Resource File; the IGI entry shown below was submitted before 2008 when the IGI was closed, and the PRF entry was submitted in 2013. Additional entries duplicate, at least in part, the information shown below:
Next, examine Ancestry.com for any family trees for Chine/Chene, Chin/Chen, DuChesne and variations. A number show up and two of the more complete trees follow:
The above information for Antoine shows a daughter Maria Magdalena and a daughter Marytje, both born 1679 and likely the same person, if accurate. Neither this tree nor any the others for Antoine show a spouse for Magdalena. Contact with the contributor of this tree reveals no additional information and no sources – a dead end.
This tree for Magdalena Chine shows a marriage to John Simpson and a father, Raymond, of Quebec. All of Raymond’s children resided in Quebec – only this Magdalena seems to have journeyed to New Amsterdam and married. This is a stretch but it does lead to information on the Chene/DuChesne family of Quebec that may, or may not, be related to the family of the same name in New Amsterdam. I’ve sent a request to the owner of this family tree to see if sources or additional information is available.
Other possible sources of family information are the message boards at Genealogy.com (their GenForum boards) and Ancestry.com. These were searched for Duschene, Duchene, Duchesne, Chine and variations. No information/inquiries appeared on the colonial families in New York or Canada.
The web sites for the New York State Archives and the New Jersey State Archives provide useful information on finding aids and materials available at the archives, but no useful information on-line regarding Duchesne, Chine or Chin variations.
The next step is to search on-line for church records, town records and images of printed material that may contain information on the Chine/Duchesne surname. At this point, there is still no indication that Chin or Chen is the surname of interest but these variations will still be searched. This search begins with the Family History Library Catalog as well as their book list (that includes materials in the Allen County Public Library and the BYU Harold B Lee Library). The search also includes the use of search engines to locate digital copies of materials as well as the Worldcat.org website to find local repositories (if any). Because Kings County is one of the locations of interest the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record should also be searched on-line, which can be done if a member.
The listing at the end of this blog has all the sources examined along with some notes on the materials. None of these have any reference to a Chine or Chene surname but many do refer to variations on the Duchesne surname. In fact, the following spellings appear:
- de Chene
- de Chesne
- De Sceen
- Du Ceen
- Du Ceene
- du Chaine
- du Chane
- Du Chene
- du Chesne
- du Chine
Duchesne is pronounced either Du-shen or Du-shain, so it’s easy to see how many of the spellings could occur. It’s important to know that Chesne is an Old French word meaning oak in English. In Old Dutch, the equivalent word is Eik and the surnames Den Ryck, De Eycke and Van der Eycke also appear. So, we see this family’s surname in both French and Dutch renditions.
Unfortunately, none of the sources indicate that Magdaleentje, wife of John Simson, was a Duchesne.
The conclusion of this second part of the “Do” step in the PDAA research model is that many alternative spellings of Duchesne exist, Chin/Chen has produced no candidates for this time frame of the late 1600s and early 1700s, and Chine/Chene appears in only a few family trees (both at Ancestry.com and Familysearch.org) with no source information.
It’s clear that the Duchesne family must be investigated as the only current candidate for “Magdaleentje Chine.” First, need to obtain the sources listed below that have not yet been examined. To be continued in the next blog.
The following list is a summary of sources found so far, some of which have not yet been obtained and examined.
Sources Not Yet Obtained or Examined
James Henry Dushane, compiler, Genealogical Record, Dushane Family, 1640-1942 (Washington, DC: n. pub, 1986); FHL microfilm 1,455,000, Salt Lake City, Utah. Typescript, 9 pages.
Russell L Gasero, Guide to Local Church Records in the Archives of the Reformed Church in America and to Genealogical Resources in the Gardner Sage Library: New Brunswick Theological Seminary ( New Brunswick, New Jersey: Historical Society of the Reformed Church in America, 1979); FHL printed material, call no. 974.9 A1, Salt Lake City, Utah.
The Archives of the Reformed Church in America, New Brunswick Theological Seminary, Gardner A Sage Library, 21 Seminary Place, New Brunswick, NJ 08901 732-246-1779
Evelyn Briggs Baldwin, “Names in Town Records of Gravesend, Kings County, New York”; FHL microfilm 17,667, Salt Lake City, Utah. Names found in town records for 1646-1705.
William Henry Stillwell, History of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Gravesend, Kings County, New York (Gravesend: printed for the Consistory, 1892); FHL microfilm 962,831, Salt Lake City, Utah. Contains baptisms 1714-1890, marriages 1832-1890 and deaths.
Aaron Goodwin, “Subscriptions for the First Presbyterian Church of ElizabethTown, 1734-1745,” Genealogical Magazine of New Jersey, Vol 84, No. 1-2 (Jan/May 2009): 2-8.
Nicholas Murray, Notes, Historical and Biographical, Concerning Elizabeth-Town, Its Eminent Men, Churches and Ministers (Elizabeth-Town: E Sanderson, 1844); digital images, Internet Archive, Text Library, American Libraries (https://archive.org/details/noteshistoricalb00murr : accessed March 2014). No surnames of interest to Duchesne/Simson research, although history is helpful.
Tunis G Bergen, “Marriage Records, Gravesend, L. I.,” The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol 4, No. 4 (Oct 1873): 199-200; digital images, New York Genealogical and Biographical Society (http://newyorkfamilyhistory.org/ : accessed 1 March 2014). Available for members only. No surnames of interest to Duchesne/Simson research.
Charles Carroll Gardner, compiler, Collection of Essex County New Jersey Families 1600-1900 (n.p.: self-published); 70 microfilm rolls beginning with 849,448, arranged by surname, Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah. Previously examined entries for Simson.
Walter Kenneth Griffith, “Baptismal Records of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of New Utrecht, Long Island, N. Y.” The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol 73, No. 2 (Apr 1942): 96-105; digital images, New York Genealogical and Biographical Society (http://newyorkfamilyhistory.org/ : accessed 1 March 2014). Covers records beginning in 1718, which is long after Duchesne moved to Staten Island; no surnames of interest. Available for members only.
Biographical and Genealogical History of the City of Newark and Essex County, New Jersey (New York: Lewis Publishing Company, 1898); digital images, Internet Archive, Text Library, American Libraries (https://archive.org/details/biographicalgene02newy : accessed 1 March 2014). No surnames of interest.
John Littell, Family Records: or Genealogies of the First Settlers of Passiac Valley, (and Vicinity,) Above Chatham – with their Ancestors and Descendants, as Far as Can Now Be Ascertained (Feltville, New Jersey: Stationers’ Hall Press, 1851); digital images, Google Books (http://books.google.com : accessed 1 March 2014). Has considerable information on Simpson family but no help with Magdaleentje.
Richard M Bayles, History of Richmond County, (Staten Island) New York, From Its Discovery to the Present Time (New York: L E Preston & Co, 1887)<, [CD]>; digital images, Internet Archive, Text Library, American Libraries (https://archive.org/details/historyofrichmon00bayl : accessed Feb 2014). Nothing of help, other than the history.
E B O’Callaghan, The Documentary History of the State of New York; Arranged Under Direction of the Hon. Christopher Morgan, Secretary of State, 4 vols. (Albany, New York: Weed, Parsons & Co, Public Printers, 1849-51); digital images, Internet Archive, Text Library, American Libraries (https://archive.org/ : accessed March 2014). Has assessment roll entries for Duchesne in volumes 2 and 4, and an oath of allegiance in volume 1. No Simson or Claassen on this oath of allegiance list that covers Flatbush, Flatlands, Brooklyn, New Utrecht, Gravesend and Bushwick.
Richard S Hutchinson, East New Jersey Land Records 1702-1791 (Lewes, Delaware: Colonial Roots, c.2005-2009), CD-ROM. No records for Simson.
Stephen M Ostrander, A History of the City of Brooklyn and Kings County (Brooklyn: published by subscription, 1894), 2 volumes; digital images, Google Books (http://books.google.com : accessed March 2014). No help with surnames but extensive material on history.
Thomas M Strong, The History of the Town of Flatbush, in Kings County, Long-Island (New York: Thomas R Mercein, printer, 1842); digital images, Google Books (http://books.google.com : accessed March 2014). Detailed map of town of Flatbush on frontispiece. No surnames of interest to Duchesne or Simson research.
Kenneth Scott and James A Owre, Genealogical Data from Inventories of New York Estates 1666-1825 (New York: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 1970)<, [CD]>; digital images, New York Genealogical and Biographical Society (http://elibrary.newyorkfamilyhistory.org.nygbs.idm.oclc.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/p15636coll36/id/186/rec/8 : accessed Feb 2014).
A P Stockwell and Wm H Stillwell, A History of the Town of Gravesend, N. Y. by Rev. A. P. Stockwell, and of Coney Island, by Wm. H. Stillwell (Brooklyn, New York: n.pub., 1884)<, [CD]>; digital images, Google Books (http://books.google.com : accessed Feb 2014). Reprinted from The Illustrated History of Kings County, edited by H R Stiles.
Teunis G Bergen, Register, in Alphabetical Order, of the Early Settlers of Kings County, Long Island, N. Y., From Its First Settlement by Europeans to 1700 (New York: S W Green’s Sons, 1881)<, [CD]>; digital images, Google Books (http://books.google.com : accessed Feb 2014). Simson and Duchesne entries for deeds, etc.
Tobias Alexander Wright, editor, Records of the Dutch Reformed Church of Port Richmond, S. I. (Baptisms from 1696 to 1772), United Brethren Congregation Commonly Called Moravian Church, S. I. (Births and Baptisms 1749 to 1853; Marriages 1764 to 1863; Deaths and Burials 1758 to 1828), St. Andrews Church, Richmond, S. I. (Births and Baptisms from 1752 to 1795; Marriages from 1754 to 1808) (New York: New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 1909)<, [CD]>; digital images, Internet Archive, Text Library, American Libraries (https://archive.org/details/recordsofdutchre00wrig : accessed Feb 2014). Wright’s transcription of original Dutch records leaves out diacritical marks and attempts to format the original in a columnar manner, so is not a very good rendition of the original. Stillwell’s source is preferred.
John E Stillwell, Historical and Genealogical Miscellany: Data Relating to the Settlement and Settlers of New York and New Jersey 5 vols. (New York: n.pub., 1903-1932)<, [CD]>; digital images, Internet Archive, Text Library, American Libraries (https://archive.org/details/historicalgeneal01stil : accessed Feb 2014). This source provides an improved transcription copy of the original baptism records of the Staten Island Dutch Church and is preferred over the volume by Wright.
Charles W Baird, History of the Huguenot Emigration to America, 2 vols. (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1885)<, [CD]>; digital images, Internet Archive, Text Library, American Libraries (https://archive.org/details/historyhuguenot01bairgoog : accessed Feb 2014). Mentions Antoine du Chaine.
“Flatbush Dutch Church Records: Marriages and Baptisms,” Yearbook of the Holland Society of New York (1898); digital image, Internet Archive – Text Library – American Libraries (https://archive.org/details/yearbookofhollan1898holl : accessed Mar 2014), pp. 87-152. Baptisms of children of Antoine Du Chesne.
Robert Lott Billard, “NA Baptisms 1639-1730,” Rootsweb (http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~rbillard/na_baptisms_1639-1730.htm : accessed 14 March 2014). Baptisms of New Amsterdam Reformed Dutch Church; this is a later version of his listing, correcting typographical errors. Unfortunately, Billard did not make an exact transcription of the original Dutch, leaving out diacritical marks, so his material should not be used as a source.
Ted Brassard, “New Amsterdam (New York City) New York Reformed Dutch Church Baptisms 1639,” The Olive Tree Genealogy (http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/nn/church/rdcbapt.shtml : accessed 14 March 2014). Bressard, in his own words, did not transcribe the original Dutch but left out “[a]ccent marks on names. . . . so that the data is acceptable to all computer platforms. . . .” Most unfortunate and his material should not be used as a source. Need to examine the original records. Bressard transcribed and placed records on-line. At the bottom of the webpage are links to years from 1639 to 1760. Bressard noted that he had copied the original records about 20 years prior to preparing the computer files. Bressard died in 2001.